|MDG1 Case Study Brief no. 6: Tobacco Control (2013)|
This case study brief discusses multiple implications of tobacco use and production on MDG achievement by brining a case or Myanmar and Bangladesh. It also discusses alternative cropping as solution for headlth hazards of the tobacco producers and of the environment and producers' income poverty.
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|Promoting Local Election Management as Part of an Electoral Cycle Approach (2013)|
This paper examines different modalities used by various countries in the Asia-Pacific region to administer local elections and demonstrates the impact of management practices on electoral cycle approaches, the delivery of elections, and the provision of assistance. The paper also makes broad policy recommendations for contexts where assistance providers may choose to target programs and where election management bodies may decide to focus local level capacity strengthening initiatives.
The paper targets countries in the Asia-Pacific region that are planning for local elections. It has relevance for a number of stakeholders including electoral management bodies, political parties, parliament, government ministries, civil society and international organizations.
|MDG1 Case Study Brief no. 4: Scaling up the Women’s Food Processing Home-industry in Indonesia (2013)|
This case study brief discusses the success of women processors group in a remote fishing village in Indonesia. Scaling up the home-made seaweed snack for national retails chains increased their income and created more jobs in remote village. Processed food also helps reducing the vulnerability of the poor to economic, food, and nutrition security as the processed food lasts longer and reaches more distant inland communities where high rates of poverty and malnutrition are observed.
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|MDG1 Case Study Brief no. 5: Towards Food and Nutrition Security in Bangladesh (2013)|
This case study brief illustrates how a knowledge-based and inclusive approach can create a shared vision of food and nutrition security that results in national policies, and how the shared vision succeeded in fostering investments to support these policies. The Brief also aims to identify factors that contributed to the success of the National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme.
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|APHDR Technical Background Paper 2012/07 - Climate Change and Pacific Island Countries (2013)|
This paper presents the effects of increased temperatures and sea-level rise, together with other climate-linked changes to the Pacific Islands. It examines past responses to climate changes and barriers in driving adaptation to climate change at the community level. It also presents a set of fundamental challenges to livelihoods in the Pacific Islands region posed by future climate change and recommendattions to reduce the impacts of such changes.
|APHDR Technical Background Paper 2012/12 - Climate Change Fuelling Resource-Based Conflicts in the Asia-Pacific (2013)|
This paper aims to present a background to resource-based conflicts and how they may be influenced by climate change in the Asia Pacific region. In so doing, this paper first examines the relationship between security, natural resources, and climate change. Second, this paper looks specifically at this issue in the Asia-Pacific region, presenting case studies from South and West Asia, East Asia, and the Pacific. The paper also presents an appraisal of existing address of this issue and explores options for future action that may underpin peace and security in a climate change context at local and international levels.
|APRC Annual Report 2012 (2013)|
The Annual Report 2012 highlights our work on achieving the MDG and advancing the post-2015 development agenda. It tells how we advocate gender equality and women’s political participation, and describes how we support countries in the region in addressing the challenges of climate change.
|Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Affordable ARVs in China (2013)|
This paper documents the recent developments, opportunities and challenges in intellectual property rights and access to affordable medicines in China. In particular, the paper finds that there have been impressive achievements in the national response to the HIV epidemic in China. Examples include the rapid expansion of government-supported antiretroviral (ARV) schemes and the development of a legal framework on intellectual property to address access to affordable pharmaceutical products in China. Adoption of the National Intellectual Property Strategy by the State Council in June 2008, and the revisions to the Patent Law and the Implementing Regulations with strong focus on public health protection are among the most prominent legal and policy achievements over the recent years, founding an enabling environment for action. However, there is still a great need for coordination among relevant ministries and agencies to explore options to increase access to affordable pharmaceutical products. The recognition that domestic civil society is a part of the solution is an important starting point to forge broader partnerships necessary to ensure access to affordable medicines and successful treatment uptake.
Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Affordable ARVs in China originates from a study commissioned by UNDP to the Third World Network, who conducted the research in consultation with the members of the UN Technical Working Group on Care and Treatment, Access to Medicines Sub-Group in 2007/2008. It was subsequently updated in 2012 with special thanks to UNAIDS, MSF, Hu Yuanqiong and Tenu Avafia, Policy Specialist from UNDP Bureau for Development Policy. The final report was edited by Professor Carlos Correa from the University of Buenos Aires.
|Asia-Pacific Gender and Macroeconomic Issues Newsletter - Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2013)|
The 2013 first issue of the newsletter covers events and activities across the region on macroeconomics issues from a gender perspective. Read more about a new gender economics course in Thailand, Australia cancelled time use survey, and new resources.
|Summary of E-discussion on Linkages between Violence-Against-Women and HIV in Asia and the Pacific (2013)|
The document presents a summary of the e-discussion on linkages between violence-against-women (VAW) and HIV, which took place from 25 November to 10 December 2012 on the Asia Pacific Community of Practice on HIV, Gender and Human Rights (HIV-APCoP) website, and coincided with the 16 Days of Activism on violence-against-women. The e-discussion was conducted to engage with the HIV-APCoP’s diverse membership of UN agencies, networks of people living with HIV, national and local governments, civil society organizations and academic and research institutions, to inform a Discussion Paper on HIV and violence-against-women that has been commissioned by the Asia-Pacific United Nations Interagency Task Team on Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV (IATT). Inputs were sought to identify members views on the linkages between violence-against-women and HIV in the Asia-Pacific region and practical ways of addressing the issue. Over 30 members contributed to an initial online survey and subsequent e-discussion. The full transcript of the e-discussion is available online.
|APHDR Technical Background Paper 2012/18 - Nuclear Energy in Combating Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific (2013)|
This background paper explores the possible role of nuclear energy in climate change mitigation and in resolving supply security and environmental issues. It concludes with a summary of the main points and recommendations for the way forward.
|Advancing Sustainable Development: The Case of Extractive Industries - Summary of e-Discussion (2013)|
This summary of e-discussion consolidates the exchange of directly applicable experiences, expertise and knowledge on extractive industires from countries within and outside of the Asia-Pacific region. Furthermore, it captures the dialogue between national level practitioners and international experts to enhance on-the-ground tacit, experiential knowledge, and international expertise particularly good practices on pro-poor economic governance for sustaining human development.
|Regional Legal Reference Resource (2013)|
This Reference Resource documents key protective laws focused on HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in five countries in South Asia.
The two primary objectives of the Reference Resource are to:
1. build the capacity of legal professionals to analyze protective laws (focusing on people living with HIV, MSM
and transgender people); and
2. develop a resource to support legislative drafting, law reform and advocacy initiatives.
|Making Sense of Climate Finance (2013)|
This paper provides central policy decision makers and donors with accessible guidance on how government might make use of the national budget system to prioritise a response to climate change. The paper also explores how governments can make complementary use of domestic and
international sources of public finance to resource a climate change response.
The paper is principally targeted at central policy decision makers. It may also be of interest to researchers and those working with donors who are involved in financing public interventions on climate change in developing countries.
|Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIRs) in the Asia-Pacific Region – What Have We Learnt? (2013)|
This paper provides lessons learnt from the recent UNDP experience in implementation of Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIRs). It also provides proposal for implementing future CPEIRs and undertaking complementary analyses.
|Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) – Methodological note (2013)|
This paper describes a new methodology that aims to inform the development of the national response to climate change: the climate public expenditure and institutional review (CPEIR). The paper outlines the analytical framework of this methodology. It draws on the experience of a substantial body of work that has examined the effectiveness of public expenditure through the use of several analytical tools.