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Asia-Pacific Regional Centre > Legal Empowerment of the Poor Knowledge Bank
Legal Empowerment Knowledge Base

Welcome to the LEP Knowledge Bank Public Library!LEP Knowledge Bank Network

Below are a series of documents from a range of sources on or related to legal empowerment.  You can view the documents by 'pillar', by country, by region, or by document type. We welcome your additional documents, papers, articles and other relevant media.  Please email them with a brief comment to Johanna.Cunningham@undp.org

You can also visit our online Knowledge Bank and networking site for news on events, forum discussions, and regional LEP news updates.  We invite you or your organisation to create your own page on the site and keep the network informed of your ongoing legal empowerment activities. 

 Access to Justice

CommentsFilter
Expand/Collapse Pillars : Access to Justice ‎(18)
Access to Justice as an Enabling Framework.pdf
Access to Justice as an Enabling FrameworkUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Stefan PriesnerGlobalAccess to Justice
UNDP Country Director, Stefan Priesner's Presentation 'Access to Justice as an Enabling Framework for Legal Empowerment'
March 2009
Avatars of Rule of Law and Access to Justice-R. Sudarshan.pdf
Avatars of Rule of Law and Access to Justice-R. SudarshanUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
R. SudarshanGlobalAccess to Justice
Avatars of Rule of Law and Access to Justice Some Asian Aspects. "This is an essay that expresses an optimism of will in the face of pessimism of analysis about prospects for advancement of an appropriate form of the rule of law and access to justice to people who now bear the burdens of burgeoning inequality, discrimination, and multiple injustices."
2009
CodificationofCaseStudies - A2J.pdf
CodificationofCaseStudies - A2JUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDP - Asia-Pacific Rights and Justice InitiativeAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
UNDP - Asia-Pacific Rights and Justice Initiative
August 2004
Community-based Paralegals A Practitioner’s Guide.pdf
Community-based Paralegals A Practitioner’s GuideUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Open Society InstituteGlobalAccess to Justice
This book is a guide to creating and maintaining paralegal programs that help people who are poor or otherwise lack access to legal services. The book, created by the Open Society Institute, distills lessons learned from Sierra Leone and other community-based paralegal programs. It is intended to provide practical advice and hands-on tools for use in the field, but also be of interest to anyone who cares about justice and the legal empowerment of the poor.
2010
ICHRP When Legal Worlds Overlap 2009.pdf
ICHRP When Legal Worlds Overlap 2009Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
International Council of Human Rights PolicyGlobalAccess to Justice
This draft paper examines legal plural orders and donor/international engagement with them. It provides an extensive literature review and offers recommendations for programme implementation.
October 2009
Justice for All- An Assessment of A2J in 5 Prov, Indonesia.pdf
Justice for All- An Assessment of A2J in 5 Prov, IndonesiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
BAPPENAS, UNDP and PSPK-UGMSoutheast AsiaAccess to Justice
Based on the results of qualitative and quantitative research  this report focuses on identifying the key justice-related issues affecting citizens at the village level and the steps taken to resolve them.  Addresses formal and informal justice systems.
LEAP Presentation Consortium.pdf
LEAP Presentation ConsortiumUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Marc CabrerosAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Lao PDR.pdf
LEAP Presentation Lao PDRUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Manolinh ThepkhamvongSoutheast AsiaAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Mongolia - LAC.pdf
LEAP Presentation Mongolia - LACUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
T. AltangerelAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Mongolia.ppt
LEAP Presentation MongoliaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Urantsooj GombosurenAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Vietnam - Access to Justice Initatives.pdf
LEAP Presentation Vietnam - Access to Justice InitativesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Le Thi Kim ThanhAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
Legal Empowerment of the Poor - Innovating Access to Justice.pdf
Legal Empowerment of the Poor - Innovating Access to JusticeUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Maaike de Langan and Maurits Barendrecht GlobalAccess to Justice
A description of the barriers to justice and mechanisms of exclusion, analysis of how these work and strategies to improve A2J. Stresses the need for an innovative approach to the delivery of justice.
2009
Legal Identity -ADB.pdf
Legal Identity -ADBUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Asian Development BankAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
This publication examines the link between legal identity documents and access to benefits and opportunities; HR protection; and development planning in Bangladesh; Cambodia; and Nepal. It also examines alternative markets for legal identity.
June 2007
National Strategy on Access to Justice - LEAD Fact Sheet.pdf
National Strategy on Access to Justice - LEAD Fact SheetUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
LEADAccess to Justice
Legal Empowerment and Assistance for the Disadvantaged (LEAD)- Fact Sheet on Indonesia's National Strategy on Access to Justice
2009
National Strategy on Access to Justice.pdf
National Strategy on Access to JusticeUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Diani SatiawatiSoutheast AsiaAccess to Justice
Director of Law and Human Rights at BAPPENAS outlines the Indonesian National Strategy on Access to Justice
Searching for Success.pdf
Searching for SuccessUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Asia Pacific Judicial Reform ForumAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
This book focuses on practical reform.  Addresses gender justice; delays; A2J by marginalised groups; judicial integrity & accountability; judicial education & skills development.  Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vanuatu
March 2009
The Primacy of Society and the Failure of Law and Development.pdf
The Primacy of Society and the Failure of Law and DevelopmentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Brian TamanahaGlobalAccess to Justice
While efforts to develop RoL are essential and must continue, law cannot carry the hopes of economic development or the progressive package. Functional alternatives to law should be supported or created when state legal institutions persistently fail.
May 2009
UNDP Access to Justice Practice Note.pdf
UNDP Access to Justice Practice NoteUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDPGlobalAccess to Justice
UNDP Practice Note on Access to Justice
March 2004

 Informal Business

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Expand/Collapse Pillars : Business ‎(13)
Building Better Factories - Cambodia.pdf
Building Better Factories - CambodiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Tuomo PoutiainenBusiness
ILO Better Factories Cambodia Chief Technical Advisor, Tuomo Poutiainen - Industry and Labour Rights in Cambodia
Building Mobile Money Papua New Guinea.pdf
Building Mobile Money Papua New GuineaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Tillman Bruett & Janine FirpoBusiness
A joint research team from the Pacific Financial Inclusion Programme and the International Finance Corporation took a close look at how a mobile money system might take hold in Papua New Guinea.  Despite all of the challenges in providing financial services, there is a great opportunity for mobile phone based financial services to increase people's financial and physical security in PNG.
November 2009
Building Security for the Poor - Potential and Prospects for MicroInsurance in India.pdf
Building Security for the Poor - Potential and Prospects for MicroInsurance in IndiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDP Regional Center in ColomboBusiness
This study examines the supply and demand side bottlenecks of insurance services for the rural poor and seeks to reconcile social and financial bottomlines.
2007
Business Economy Reform and the Informal Economy Dec_10_2009.docx
Business Economy Reform and the Informal Economy Dec_10_2009Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Donor Committee for Enterprise DevelopmentGlobalBusiness
This paper provides guiding principles and advice on how Business Economy Reform programs might contribute to the needs of the poor by reducing informality and encouraging informal business to start operating formally. Of particular concern is avoiding policies that increase formalization but concomitantly are likely to increase poverty.
December 2009
Developing Capacities to turn Developmental Challenges into Business Opportunities for the Poor.pdf
Developing Capacities to turn Developmental Challenges into Business Opportunities for the PoorUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Batdelger LuuzanAsia-PacificBusiness
This presentation examines cases from the Philippines and Nepal.
Financial_Sector_and_Credit.pdf
Financial_Sector_and_CreditUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
R. Michael Barth and Cesare CalariGlobalBusiness
Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor sponsored note on financial sector development and expanded access to credit
January 2006
Informal Economy, Poverty and Employment - Studies from Mongolia, Cambodia, and Thailand.pdf
Informal Economy, Poverty and Employment - Studies from Mongolia, Cambodia, and ThailandUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
ILOBusiness
Based on the ILOs 'Decent Work' agenda, the project sought to eliminate the negative forms of informality and examine the gradual integration of the informal economy into formal systems of protection and support. This report includes the main results, a description of the national development frameworks, summary of work done and brief fact sheets. 
2006
K.P. Kannan- 'Dualism, Informality and Social Inequality'.pdf
K.P. Kannan- 'Dualism, Informality and Social Inequality'Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
K.P. KannanAsia-PacificBusiness
Professor Kannan reviews the effects of plural orders and infomality
Policy Issues on Street Vending Thailand Mongolia Cambodia.pdf
Policy Issues on Street Vending Thailand Mongolia CambodiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Kyoko Kusakabe - for ILOBusiness
This study characterises street vending in Thailand, Mongolia and Cambodia and highlights the role of policies especially concerning the legal status of vendors, their social security, and allocation of urban space.
2006
SEWA - Legal Empowerment and the informal economy.pdf
SEWA - Legal Empowerment and the informal economyUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Shalini TrivediBusiness
SEWA's Experience with legal empowerment assisting informal workers in India
SMEDA Legal Services.pdf
SMEDA Legal ServicesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Sultan TiwanaBusiness
Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) Manager, Sultan Tiwana, 'Empowering SMEs by Facilitating Access to Legal Services'
Unleashing Entrepreneurship 2004.pdf
Unleashing Entrepreneurship 2004Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Commission on the Private Sector and DevelopmentGlobalBusiness
The Commission on the Private Sector and Development's report on unleashing the potential of the private sector and entrepreneurship in developing countries.
2004
World Bank 2010 Consumer Protection.pdf
World Bank 2010 Consumer ProtectionUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Susan L. RutledgeGlobalBusiness
The recent turmoil in financial markets worldwide has emphasized the need for adequate consumer protection and financial literacy for long-term stability of the financial sector. This Working Paper aims to summarize key lessons from reviews of consumer protection and financial literacy in nine middle-income countries -Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, the Russian Federation and Slovakia.
June 2010

 Informal Labour

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Expand/Collapse Pillars : Labour Rights ‎(9)
Gendered Discrimination throughout Migration Cycle.pdf
Gendered Discrimination throughout Migration CycleUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNIFEMSoutheast AsiaLabour Rights
UNIFEM examines the rights violation risks women face throughout the migration cycle
Green_and_decent_jobs.pdf
Green_and_decent_jobsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Jenny Bird, Kayte Lawton and Kandida PurnellGlobalLabour Rights
Green jobs are often heralded as the solution to the twin challenges of lowering our greenhouse gas emissions and bringing down unemployment. However, very little has been said about what new green jobs might look like – who will be doing them, how much might they pay and where will they be located?
2010
Land Rights and Indigenous Peoples.pdf
Land Rights and Indigenous PeoplesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Chandra RoyAsia-PacificLabour Rights
UNDP RCB, RIPP Programme Coordinator Chandra Roy - Land Rights and Indigenous Peoples
LEAP Presentation China.pdf
LEAP Presentation ChinaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Wang FangAsia-PacificLabour Rights
January 2010
Migrants Count-Five Steps Towards Better Migration Data.pdf
Migrants Count-Five Steps Towards Better Migration DataUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Michael ClemmensGlobalLabour Rights
In this CGD report, the Commission on International Migration Data for Development Research and Policy presents their five recommendations to remedy the lack of good data on migration and its effects on development.
May 2009
Migration and the Global Rececession Migration Policy Institute Sept 09 Report to BBC.pdf
Migration and the Global Rececession Migration Policy Institute Sept 09 Report to BBCUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Migration Policy InstituteGlobalLabour Rights
In this report commissioned by the BBC World Service, the Migration Policy Institute seeks to explore the myriad impacts of this crisis on migration flows, remittances, and on migrants
themselves as they adjust to the sweeping economic changes set in motion by the deepest global financial downturn since the Great Depression.
Sept 2009
Strategic Interventions to Improve Rights of Women Migrant Workers.pdf
Strategic Interventions to Improve Rights of Women Migrant WorkersUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNIFEMAsia-PacificLabour Rights
UNIFEM review strategies to improve the rights of women migrant workers
Towards Transnational Labor Citizenship- Restructuring Labor Migration to Reinforce Workers Rights.pdf
Towards Transnational Labor Citizenship- Restructuring Labor Migration to Reinforce Workers RightsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Jennifer GordonGlobalLabour Rights
'Transnational Labor Citizenship' is an effort to demonstrate that it is possible to respond to the reality of temporary labor migration while refusing to treat temporary migrants as commodities to be traded on a global market.
January 2009
UNIFEM Good practices for empowering Women Migrant Workers.pdf
UNIFEM Good practices for empowering Women Migrant WorkersUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNIFEMGlobalLabour Rights
UNIFEM's 'good practices' for empowering migrant women workers

 Land (Collective/Individual)

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Expand/Collapse Pillars : Property Rights ‎(11)
Bridging the Gap - fullchapters.pdf
Bridging the Gap - fullchaptersUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
AIPP Foundation/UNDP-RIPPAsia-PacificProperty Rights
Bridging the Gap: Policies and Practices on Indigenous Peoples' Natural Resource Management in Asia. Contains in depth natural resource management country studies on Bangladesh, Cambodia, Malaysia and Thailand. 
2007
Community Management of Commons - Re-empowerment process and the gaps.pdf
Community Management of Commons - Re-empowerment process and the gapsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Narpat Jodha and Anupam BhatiaAsia-PacificProperty Rights
This paper advocates for a greater understanding of the complexities in 're-empowering' communities to regain control over Common Property Resources (CPR)
Forest Based Communities and Legal Empowerment.pdf
Forest Based Communities and Legal EmpowermentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Denison JayasooriaProperty Rights
University Kabangsaan Malaysia, Denison Jayasooria - Forest Based Communities and Land Rights
Her Mile -Women's Rights and Access to Land.pdf
Her Mile -Women's Rights and Access to LandUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
ActionAidGlobalProperty Rights
ActionAid's report declares women’s rights to land and natural resources as the missing link in the analysis of the food crisis, and as critical to achieving the MDGs. 
March 2010
Increasing local voice and benefit in natural resource investment.pdf
Increasing local voice and benefit in natural resource investmentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Lorenzo CotulaProperty Rights
IDLO Working Paper. This  paper draws on material and preliminary lessons from the Legal Tools  for Citizen Empowerment program with a view to providing insights for international consideration of legal empowerment.
2009
J4P Arguing Tradition Harrington Chopra.pdf
J4P Arguing Tradition Harrington ChopraUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Andrew Harrington and Tanja ChopraProperty Rights
The authors argue that increasing women's land security requires working with existing positive values, rather than focusing on formal reform or embracing informal practices. Instead they advocate 'the sociocultural value systems that determine which behavior, arguments, and actions are legitimate in a community.'
January 2010
Land - Better Access and Secure Rights for Poor People.pdf
Land - Better Access and Secure Rights for Poor PeopleUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
DFIDGlobalProperty Rights
2007
Leasing on Epi Island, Vanuatu.pdf
Leasing on Epi Island, VanuatuUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Raewyn Porter and Rod NixonPacificProperty Rights
Jastis Blong Evriwan (JBE), Vanuatu, is part of Justice for the Poor, which supports analytical and programmatic work in countries where legal pluralism presents a central development challenge.
This study of 23 leases over land on the island of Epi is the first of the JBE research activities to examine land and natural resource management and access to justice on particular Vanuatu islands.
September 2010
Participatory Mapping as a tool for empowerment.pdf
Participatory Mapping as a tool for empowermentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
International Land CoalitionGlobalProperty Rights
This overview does not seek to cover the full range of the
mapping toolbox; rather, it seeks to frame how technology-assisted community mapping is related to the broader goal of
empowering rural people, a central objective for many of ILC’s partners. This paper seeks to show how mapping can facilitate community empowerment, but also how it must be employed with care, being mindful of the risks for ommunities that such activities can entail.
January 2008
The Lay of the Land- Land Access and Dispute Resolution in Timor-Leste.pdf
The Lay of the Land- Land Access and Dispute Resolution in Timor-LesteUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Justice for the Poor, World BankSoutheast AsiaProperty Rights
This report presents the Timor Leste Survey of Living Standards extension survey's findings related to land and property. It begins by presenting a context for land and property in Timor-Leste, goes on to discuss East Timorese perspectives on land ownership and access, and concludes with a discussion on land disputes and their resolution.
June 2010
Women, State Law and Land in Peri-Urban Settlements on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.pdf
Women, State Law and Land in Peri-Urban Settlements on Guadalcanal, Solomon IslandsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Rebecca MonsonPacificProperty Rights
This paper provides a brief overview of the intersection of state and customary laws governing land in peri-urban settlements around Honiara, focusing on their impact upon landowners, particularly women landowners.
April 2010

 All Documents

CommentsFilter
Access to Justice as an Enabling Framework.pdf
Access to Justice as an Enabling FrameworkUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Stefan PriesnerGlobalAccess to Justice
UNDP Country Director, Stefan Priesner's Presentation 'Access to Justice as an Enabling Framework for Legal Empowerment'
March 2009
Advancing Legal Empowerment of the Poor - the Perspective of Islam.doc
Advancing Legal Empowerment of the Poor - the Perspective of IslamUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Dr. Taha Mustafa Abu KarieshaGlobalAll
From the World Conference of Religions for Peace, this paper looks at Islam's perspective on legal empowerment of the poor through Qur'anic verses and Hadith.
January 2008
Alsop Heinsohn- Measuring Empowerment in Practice.pdf
Alsop Heinsohn- Measuring Empowerment in PracticeUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Ruth Alsop & Nina HeinsohnGlobalAll
This paper presents an analytic framework that can be used to measure and monitor empowerment processes and outcomes.
2005
Assessments and Measurements.pdf
Assessments and MeasurementsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Noha El-MikawyGlobalAll
Assessing and measuring legal empowerment of the poor - some important considerations
Avatars of Rule of Law and Access to Justice-R. Sudarshan.pdf
Avatars of Rule of Law and Access to Justice-R. SudarshanUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
R. SudarshanGlobalAccess to Justice
Avatars of Rule of Law and Access to Justice Some Asian Aspects. "This is an essay that expresses an optimism of will in the face of pessimism of analysis about prospects for advancement of an appropriate form of the rule of law and access to justice to people who now bear the burdens of burgeoning inequality, discrimination, and multiple injustices."
2009
Banik - LEP as a Conceptual and Operational Tool in Poverty Eradication.pdf
Banik - LEP as a Conceptual and Operational Tool in Poverty EradicationUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Dan BanikGlobalAll
Dan Banik reviews the relationship between legal empowerment and povery reduction and suggests that while LEP can be a tool to support poverty reduction, it does not address all causes of poverty.
Bridging the Gap - fullchapters.pdf
Bridging the Gap - fullchaptersUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
AIPP Foundation/UNDP-RIPPAsia-PacificProperty Rights
Bridging the Gap: Policies and Practices on Indigenous Peoples' Natural Resource Management in Asia. Contains in depth natural resource management country studies on Bangladesh, Cambodia, Malaysia and Thailand. 
2007
Building Better Factories - Cambodia.pdf
Building Better Factories - CambodiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Tuomo PoutiainenBusiness
ILO Better Factories Cambodia Chief Technical Advisor, Tuomo Poutiainen - Industry and Labour Rights in Cambodia
Building Mobile Money Papua New Guinea.pdf
Building Mobile Money Papua New GuineaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Tillman Bruett & Janine FirpoBusiness
A joint research team from the Pacific Financial Inclusion Programme and the International Finance Corporation took a close look at how a mobile money system might take hold in Papua New Guinea.  Despite all of the challenges in providing financial services, there is a great opportunity for mobile phone based financial services to increase people's financial and physical security in PNG.
November 2009
Building Security for the Poor - Potential and Prospects for MicroInsurance in India.pdf
Building Security for the Poor - Potential and Prospects for MicroInsurance in IndiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDP Regional Center in ColomboBusiness
This study examines the supply and demand side bottlenecks of insurance services for the rural poor and seeks to reconcile social and financial bottomlines.
2007
Business Economy Reform and the Informal Economy Dec_10_2009.docx
Business Economy Reform and the Informal Economy Dec_10_2009Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Donor Committee for Enterprise DevelopmentGlobalBusiness
This paper provides guiding principles and advice on how Business Economy Reform programs might contribute to the needs of the poor by reducing informality and encouraging informal business to start operating formally. Of particular concern is avoiding policies that increase formalization but concomitantly are likely to increase poverty.
December 2009
Can Low Income Countries Afford Basic Social Security - ILO.pdf
Can Low Income Countries Afford Basic Social Security - ILOUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
ILOGlobalAll
This report notes that not only are basic social protections a human right, they also generate growth, reduce levels of poverty faster and promotes peace, stability and social cohesion through social justice. Warning that the costs of excluding people will get higher and higher, the report advocates for increased spending in effective social protection.
2008
CLEP Moving Towards Implementation.pdf
CLEP Moving Towards ImplementationUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Naresh SinghGlobalAll
Former Commissioner Naresh Singh's presentation 'Making the Law Work for Everyone: Moving Towards Implementation'
CodificationofCaseStudies - A2J.pdf
CodificationofCaseStudies - A2JUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDP - Asia-Pacific Rights and Justice InitiativeAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
UNDP - Asia-Pacific Rights and Justice Initiative
August 2004
Community Management of Commons - Re-empowerment process and the gaps.pdf
Community Management of Commons - Re-empowerment process and the gapsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Narpat Jodha and Anupam BhatiaAsia-PacificProperty Rights
This paper advocates for a greater understanding of the complexities in 're-empowering' communities to regain control over Common Property Resources (CPR)
Community-based Paralegals A Practitioner’s Guide.pdf
Community-based Paralegals A Practitioner’s GuideUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Open Society InstituteGlobalAccess to Justice
This book is a guide to creating and maintaining paralegal programs that help people who are poor or otherwise lack access to legal services. The book, created by the Open Society Institute, distills lessons learned from Sierra Leone and other community-based paralegal programs. It is intended to provide practical advice and hands-on tools for use in the field, but also be of interest to anyone who cares about justice and the legal empowerment of the poor.
2010
Developing Capacities to turn Developmental Challenges into Business Opportunities for the Poor.pdf
Developing Capacities to turn Developmental Challenges into Business Opportunities for the PoorUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Batdelger LuuzanAsia-PacificBusiness
This presentation examines cases from the Philippines and Nepal.
Financial_Sector_and_Credit.pdf
Financial_Sector_and_CreditUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
R. Michael Barth and Cesare CalariGlobalBusiness
Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor sponsored note on financial sector development and expanded access to credit
January 2006
Forest Based Communities and Legal Empowerment.pdf
Forest Based Communities and Legal EmpowermentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Denison JayasooriaProperty Rights
University Kabangsaan Malaysia, Denison Jayasooria - Forest Based Communities and Land Rights
GA Resolution on LEP.pdf
GA Resolution on LEPUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
General AssemblyGlobalAll
United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/63/L.25/Rev.1
4 December 2008
December 2008
Gender Equality Laws-Global Good Practice and a Review of 5 SEA countries.pdf
Gender Equality Laws-Global Good Practice and a Review of 5 SEA countriesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Christine Forster and Vedna JivanSoutheast AsiaAll
Analysis of gender equality laws (GEL) from around the world, to identify those that represent good practice from a CEDAW-informed perspective. Based on the good practice examples identified, the review analyses the strengths and weaknesses of enacted and draft GEL in five countries, namely Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
March 2009
Gendered Discrimination throughout Migration Cycle.pdf
Gendered Discrimination throughout Migration CycleUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNIFEMSoutheast AsiaLabour Rights
UNIFEM examines the rights violation risks women face throughout the migration cycle
Golub - HJROL CLEP 09.pdf
Golub - HJROL CLEP 09Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Steve GolubGlobalAll
Steve Golub reviews 4 papers on the Commission's work and offers'steps forward' for the international community, including, investments in civil society, creating incentives for government to support LEP, and making LEP a focus for a development goal.
2009
Green_and_decent_jobs.pdf
Green_and_decent_jobsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Jenny Bird, Kayte Lawton and Kandida PurnellGlobalLabour Rights
Green jobs are often heralded as the solution to the twin challenges of lowering our greenhouse gas emissions and bringing down unemployment. However, very little has been said about what new green jobs might look like – who will be doing them, how much might they pay and where will they be located?
2010
Her Mile -Women's Rights and Access to Land.pdf
Her Mile -Women's Rights and Access to LandUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
ActionAidGlobalProperty Rights
ActionAid's report declares women’s rights to land and natural resources as the missing link in the analysis of the food crisis, and as critical to achieving the MDGs. 
March 2010
ICHRP When Legal Worlds Overlap 2009.pdf
ICHRP When Legal Worlds Overlap 2009Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
International Council of Human Rights PolicyGlobalAccess to Justice
This draft paper examines legal plural orders and donor/international engagement with them. It provides an extensive literature review and offers recommendations for programme implementation.
October 2009
Increasing local voice and benefit in natural resource investment.pdf
Increasing local voice and benefit in natural resource investmentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Lorenzo CotulaProperty Rights
IDLO Working Paper. This  paper draws on material and preliminary lessons from the Legal Tools  for Citizen Empowerment program with a view to providing insights for international consideration of legal empowerment.
2009
Indonesia LEP National Consultation.pdf
Indonesia LEP National ConsultationUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
YLBHI, UNDP, CLEPAll
Indonesia's National Consultation on Legal Empowerment of the Poor by the Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation (Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia), UNDP and the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor
2007
Informal Economy, Poverty and Employment - Studies from Mongolia, Cambodia, and Thailand.pdf
Informal Economy, Poverty and Employment - Studies from Mongolia, Cambodia, and ThailandUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
ILOBusiness
Based on the ILOs 'Decent Work' agenda, the project sought to eliminate the negative forms of informality and examine the gradual integration of the informal economy into formal systems of protection and support. This report includes the main results, a description of the national development frameworks, summary of work done and brief fact sheets. 
2006
J4P Arguing Tradition Harrington Chopra.pdf
J4P Arguing Tradition Harrington ChopraUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Andrew Harrington and Tanja ChopraProperty Rights
The authors argue that increasing women's land security requires working with existing positive values, rather than focusing on formal reform or embracing informal practices. Instead they advocate 'the sociocultural value systems that determine which behavior, arguments, and actions are legitimate in a community.'
January 2010
Justice for All- An Assessment of A2J in 5 Prov, Indonesia.pdf
Justice for All- An Assessment of A2J in 5 Prov, IndonesiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
BAPPENAS, UNDP and PSPK-UGMSoutheast AsiaAccess to Justice
Based on the results of qualitative and quantitative research  this report focuses on identifying the key justice-related issues affecting citizens at the village level and the steps taken to resolve them.  Addresses formal and informal justice systems.
K.P. Kannan- 'Dualism, Informality and Social Inequality'.pdf
K.P. Kannan- 'Dualism, Informality and Social Inequality'Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
K.P. KannanAsia-PacificBusiness
Professor Kannan reviews the effects of plural orders and infomality
Khair- Evaluating Legal Empowerment.pdf
Khair- Evaluating Legal EmpowermentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Sumaiya KhairGlobalAll
This concise paper examines the effect, real and potential of legal empowerment
Land - Better Access and Secure Rights for Poor People.pdf
Land - Better Access and Secure Rights for Poor PeopleUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
DFIDGlobalProperty Rights
2007
Land Rights and Indigenous Peoples.pdf
Land Rights and Indigenous PeoplesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Chandra RoyAsia-PacificLabour Rights
UNDP RCB, RIPP Programme Coordinator Chandra Roy - Land Rights and Indigenous Peoples
LE Women and Disadvanatged Groups-ADB.pdf
LE Women and Disadvanatged Groups-ADBUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Asian Development BankGlobalAll
Addresses: what is legal empowerment; how legal empowerment is relevant to the development community; and
how the development community can incorporate legal empowerment initiatives into their development programs.
2009
LEAP - SPEED PGR Papua Presentation.pdf
LEAP - SPEED PGR Papua PresentationUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Agung DjojosoekartoSoutheast AsiaAll
January 2010
LEAP Presentation China.pdf
LEAP Presentation ChinaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Wang FangAsia-PacificLabour Rights
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Consortium.pdf
LEAP Presentation ConsortiumUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Marc CabrerosAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Lao PDR.pdf
LEAP Presentation Lao PDRUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Manolinh ThepkhamvongSoutheast AsiaAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Mongolia - LAC.pdf
LEAP Presentation Mongolia - LACUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
T. AltangerelAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Mongolia.ppt
LEAP Presentation MongoliaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Urantsooj GombosurenAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
LEAP Presentation Vietnam - Access to Justice Initatives.pdf
LEAP Presentation Vietnam - Access to Justice InitativesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Le Thi Kim ThanhAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
January 2010
Leasing on Epi Island, Vanuatu.pdf
Leasing on Epi Island, VanuatuUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Raewyn Porter and Rod NixonPacificProperty Rights
Jastis Blong Evriwan (JBE), Vanuatu, is part of Justice for the Poor, which supports analytical and programmatic work in countries where legal pluralism presents a central development challenge.
This study of 23 leases over land on the island of Epi is the first of the JBE research activities to examine land and natural resource management and access to justice on particular Vanuatu islands.
September 2010
Legal Empowerment of the Poor - Innovating Access to Justice.pdf
Legal Empowerment of the Poor - Innovating Access to JusticeUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Maaike de Langan and Maurits Barendrecht GlobalAccess to Justice
A description of the barriers to justice and mechanisms of exclusion, analysis of how these work and strategies to improve A2J. Stresses the need for an innovative approach to the delivery of justice.
2009
Legal empowerment of the poor and Eradication of Poverty.pdf
Legal empowerment of the poor and Eradication of PovertyUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UN Secretary GeneralGlobalAll
The United Nations Secretary General's report to the 64th General Assembly: 'Legal Empowerment of the Poor and Eradication of Poverty'.
July 2009
Legal Identity -ADB.pdf
Legal Identity -ADBUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Asian Development BankAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
This publication examines the link between legal identity documents and access to benefits and opportunities; HR protection; and development planning in Bangladesh; Cambodia; and Nepal. It also examines alternative markets for legal identity.
June 2007
Legal_Empowerment_Parctitioners_Perspectives_Book.pdf
Legal_Empowerment_Parctitioners_Perspectives_BookUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Stephen Golub (ed)GlobalAll
A series of papers by LEP practitioners covering areas from land rights for MDGs, to LEP and social accountability theory, transitional justice, non-state justice systems, legal identity and more.
2010
LegalEmpowermentofPoorLessonsLearnedIndo.pdf
LegalEmpowermentofPoorLessonsLearnedIndoUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation with CLEP, UNDPAll
Report on the national consultation on Legal Empowerment of the Poor held in Indonesia 2006
2007
LEP- An Agenda for Asia.pdf
LEP- An Agenda for AsiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Bibek DebroyAsia-PacificAll
LEP and Poverty Reduction- Challenges Ahead.pdf
LEP and Poverty Reduction- Challenges AheadUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Dan BanikGlobalAll
"Legal Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: The Conceptual and Empirical Challenges Ahead"
LEP Dialogue Background Paper.pdf
LEP Dialogue Background PaperUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Ewa Wojkowska, R. Sudarshan, Johanna CunninghamAsia-PacificAll
Aims to provide a briefing to dialogue participants by outlining the key issues around legal empowerment. Provides participants with an overview of the key themes within a legal empowerment framework and outlines potential regional concerns.
LEP Dialogue Discussion paper.pdf
LEP Dialogue Discussion paperUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Ewa Wojkowska, R. Sudarshan, Johanna CunninghamAsia-PacificAll
This paper poses questions to generate ideas, stimulate discussion and seek input from the dialogue participants on how key challenges surrounding legal empowerment can be addressed and how best to take the LEP agenda forward in the region.
LEP in Thailand.pdf
LEP in ThailandUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Suwanne KhammanAll
Poverty Reduction in Thailand
LEP Regional Dialogue Report.pdf
LEP Regional Dialogue ReportUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Ewa Wojkowska, R. Sudarshan, Johanna CunninghamAsia-PacificAll
This report compiles the viewpoints of national governments, human rights commissions and national development planning agencies, civil society organisations, and international development instutitions, and UNDP Country Offices.
Making the Law Work for Everyone.pdf
Making the Law Work for EveryoneUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Commission on Legal Empowerment of the PoorGlobalAll
The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor Report, Vol 1
Measurement-Methodologies-for-Legal-Empowerement-of-the-Poor.pdf
Measurement-Methodologies-for-Legal-Empowerement-of-the-PoorUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Adam MasserGlobalAll
Draws on exisiting methodologies and theoretical frameworks and argues for a narrowly defined, subject-centric approach for measuring LEP.
March 2009
Migrants Count-Five Steps Towards Better Migration Data.pdf
Migrants Count-Five Steps Towards Better Migration DataUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Michael ClemmensGlobalLabour Rights
In this CGD report, the Commission on International Migration Data for Development Research and Policy presents their five recommendations to remedy the lack of good data on migration and its effects on development.
May 2009
Migration and the Global Rececession Migration Policy Institute Sept 09 Report to BBC.pdf
Migration and the Global Rececession Migration Policy Institute Sept 09 Report to BBCUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Migration Policy InstituteGlobalLabour Rights
In this report commissioned by the BBC World Service, the Migration Policy Institute seeks to explore the myriad impacts of this crisis on migration flows, remittances, and on migrants
themselves as they adjust to the sweeping economic changes set in motion by the deepest global financial downturn since the Great Depression.
Sept 2009
National Strategy on Access to Justice - LEAD Fact Sheet.pdf
National Strategy on Access to Justice - LEAD Fact SheetUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
LEADAccess to Justice
Legal Empowerment and Assistance for the Disadvantaged (LEAD)- Fact Sheet on Indonesia's National Strategy on Access to Justice
2009
National Strategy on Access to Justice.pdf
National Strategy on Access to JusticeUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Diani SatiawatiSoutheast AsiaAccess to Justice
Director of Law and Human Rights at BAPPENAS outlines the Indonesian National Strategy on Access to Justice
Participatory Mapping as a tool for empowerment.pdf
Participatory Mapping as a tool for empowermentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
International Land CoalitionGlobalProperty Rights
This overview does not seek to cover the full range of the
mapping toolbox; rather, it seeks to frame how technology-assisted community mapping is related to the broader goal of
empowering rural people, a central objective for many of ILC’s partners. This paper seeks to show how mapping can facilitate community empowerment, but also how it must be employed with care, being mindful of the risks for ommunities that such activities can entail.
January 2008
Policy Issues on Street Vending Thailand Mongolia Cambodia.pdf
Policy Issues on Street Vending Thailand Mongolia CambodiaUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Kyoko Kusakabe - for ILOBusiness
This study characterises street vending in Thailand, Mongolia and Cambodia and highlights the role of policies especially concerning the legal status of vendors, their social security, and allocation of urban space.
2006
Reflections-on-Legal-Empowerment-of-the-Poor.pdf
Reflections-on-Legal-Empowerment-of-the-PoorUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Noha El-MikawyGlobalAll
This brief highlights some issues when considering LEP as an agenda to enahnce poverty reduction, MDG achievement and rights-based development
March 2009
Searching for Success.pdf
Searching for SuccessUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Asia Pacific Judicial Reform ForumAsia-PacificAccess to Justice
This book focuses on practical reform.  Addresses gender justice; delays; A2J by marginalised groups; judicial integrity & accountability; judicial education & skills development.  Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vanuatu
March 2009
SEWA - Legal Empowerment and the informal economy.pdf
SEWA - Legal Empowerment and the informal economyUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Shalini TrivediBusiness
SEWA's Experience with legal empowerment assisting informal workers in India
SMEDA Legal Services.pdf
SMEDA Legal ServicesUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Sultan TiwanaBusiness
Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) Manager, Sultan Tiwana, 'Empowering SMEs by Facilitating Access to Legal Services'
Strategic Interventions to Improve Rights of Women Migrant Workers.pdf
Strategic Interventions to Improve Rights of Women Migrant WorkersUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNIFEMAsia-PacificLabour Rights
UNIFEM review strategies to improve the rights of women migrant workers
Summary - LEP Gen Ass Special Event Oct 16 2009.pdf
Summary - LEP Gen Ass Special Event Oct 16 2009Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDPGlobalAll
United
 Nations 
Department 
of 
Economic
 and
 Social
 Affairs

(UN‐DESA) 
and
 the 
United
 Nations 
Development
 Programme
 (UNDP)
 organized
 a 
Special 
Event 
on
 “Legal 
Empowerment 
of 
the 
Poor 
and 
Eradication 
of 
Poverty”.  

The 
special 
event 
– 
held 
on 
16
 October 
2009
 at 
the 
Second 
Committee  
of 
the 
64th 
session 
of 
the 
General
 Assembly
– 
was 
aimed
 at
 generating 
greater
 awareness
 and
 understanding 
on 
legal 
empowerment 
of 
the
 poor
 among
 the
 member
 states
 of
 the
 United
 Nations.

October 2009
TAF LEP for Women and Disadvantaged Groups.pdf
TAF LEP for Women and Disadvantaged GroupsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
The Asia FoundationGlobalAll
Addresses the questions: what is legal empowerment?; How is legal empowerment relevant to the development community?; and how the development community can incorportate legal empowerment initatives into their programmes
2009
THAI - Making the Law Work for Everyone Volume 1 2008.pdf
THAI - Making the Law Work for Everyone Volume 1 2008Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Commission on Legal Empowerment of the PoorAll
Thai language version: Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor's report 'Making the Law Work for Everyone: Vol 1'
2008
The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor- An Opportunity Missed.pdf
The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor- An Opportunity MissedUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Matthew StephensGlobalAll
While succeeding in raising the profile of legal empowerment,  the Commission's failure to properly tackle the political economy of reform and to justify its policy agenda with empirical data will limit its effectiveness.
The Current Economic Crisis and its Impact.pdf
The Current Economic Crisis and its ImpactUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Hamid RashidGlobalAll
The Current Economic Crisis and Its Impact: An Opportunity for Legal Empowerment of the Poor
The Importance of Partnership between Government and CS for Legal Empowerment.pdf
The Importance of Partnership between Government and CS for Legal EmpowermentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Erna WitoelarGlobalAll
Former Commissioner writes of the importance of governments to work with civil society as important as civil society working with government
The Lay of the Land- Land Access and Dispute Resolution in Timor-Leste.pdf
The Lay of the Land- Land Access and Dispute Resolution in Timor-LesteUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Justice for the Poor, World BankSoutheast AsiaProperty Rights
This report presents the Timor Leste Survey of Living Standards extension survey's findings related to land and property. It begins by presenting a context for land and property in Timor-Leste, goes on to discuss East Timorese perspectives on land ownership and access, and concludes with a discussion on land disputes and their resolution.
June 2010
The Primacy of Society and the Failure of Law and Development.pdf
The Primacy of Society and the Failure of Law and DevelopmentUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Brian TamanahaGlobalAccess to Justice
While efforts to develop RoL are essential and must continue, law cannot carry the hopes of economic development or the progressive package. Functional alternatives to law should be supported or created when state legal institutions persistently fail.
May 2009
Towards Transnational Labor Citizenship- Restructuring Labor Migration to Reinforce Workers Rights.pdf
Towards Transnational Labor Citizenship- Restructuring Labor Migration to Reinforce Workers RightsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Jennifer GordonGlobalLabour Rights
'Transnational Labor Citizenship' is an effort to demonstrate that it is possible to respond to the reality of temporary labor migration while refusing to treat temporary migrants as commodities to be traded on a global market.
January 2009
UNDP Access to Justice Practice Note.pdf
UNDP Access to Justice Practice NoteUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNDPGlobalAccess to Justice
UNDP Practice Note on Access to Justice
March 2004
UNDP_Making_Law_Work_for_Everyone (V)[1].pdf
UNDP_Making_Law_Work_for_Everyone (V)[1]Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Commission on Legal Empowerment of the PoorGlobalAll
Vietnamese language translation of the report of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor - Volume 1
June 2008
UNIFEM Good practices for empowering Women Migrant Workers.pdf
UNIFEM Good practices for empowering Women Migrant WorkersUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
UNIFEMGlobalLabour Rights
UNIFEM's 'good practices' for empowering migrant women workers
Unleashing Entrepreneurship 2004.pdf
Unleashing Entrepreneurship 2004Use SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Commission on the Private Sector and DevelopmentGlobalBusiness
The Commission on the Private Sector and Development's report on unleashing the potential of the private sector and entrepreneurship in developing countries.
2004
Women, State Law and Land in Peri-Urban Settlements on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.pdf
Women, State Law and Land in Peri-Urban Settlements on Guadalcanal, Solomon IslandsUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Rebecca MonsonPacificProperty Rights
This paper provides a brief overview of the intersection of state and customary laws governing land in peri-urban settlements around Honiara, focusing on their impact upon landowners, particularly women landowners.
April 2010
World Bank 2010 Consumer Protection.pdf
World Bank 2010 Consumer ProtectionUse SHIFT+ENTER to open the menu (new window).
Susan L. RutledgeGlobalBusiness
The recent turmoil in financial markets worldwide has emphasized the need for adequate consumer protection and financial literacy for long-term stability of the financial sector. This Working Paper aims to summarize key lessons from reviews of consumer protection and financial literacy in nine middle-income countries -Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, the Russian Federation and Slovakia.
June 2010

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